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WHAT DOES THE PEACE SIGN REALLY MEAN AND WHO CREATED IT?

who created peace sign

The CND ( Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) symbol which is widely recognized as the symbol of peace today was originally designed for British movement for nuclear disarmament in 1958 by an English artist/designer named Gerald Holtom, who had graduated from the Royal College of Arts. Holtom.

United States dropped a nuclear bomb in Japan in 1945 which claimed an estimated number of 340,000.

Right after the bombing by United States, several countries started building their own nuclear bombs. As a result of the aforementioned, a lot of people were extremely worried that the steady increase of nuclear weapons in the world would lead to wars which can claim millions of life and that would be too destructive.

In Britain, a certain group of people came together to formed a group that advocated for peace and elimination of large destructive weapons of war. What really fueled the formation of this group was the fear of war outbreaks because of the increasing number of nuclear weapons around the world. These people advocated for something called nuclear disarmament, and so they called themselves the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Gerald Holtom was asked to design a symbol that would symbolize the end of war and destruction and serve as a sign of peace and unity. That symbol is now universally known as the peace symbol, which is a circle with a line and three prongs pointing downward.

peace sign

As seen on Britannica ”The vertical line in the center represents the flag semaphore signal for the letter D, and the downward lines on either side represent the semaphore signal for the letter N. “N” and “D”, for nuclear disarmament, enclosed in a circle. Holtom also described the symbol as representing despair, with the central lines forming a human with its hands questioning at its sides against the backdrop of a white Earth. It is said that Holtom originally considered using a Christian cross but disliked its association with the Crusades and ultimately chose something he considered to be more universal.”

peace sign

Since its creation, the peace symbol has been used in protests against nuclear proliferation as well as war and violence. The hippie-inflected countercultural movement that arose against the Vietnam War in the 1960s, for example, extensively used the peace symbol for its protests. The peace symbol was used extensively during the hippie-infected countercultural movement in 1960s. The counterculture of the 1960s was marked by a growing distrust of government, which included anti-war protests as well as race relations, sexual mores, women’s rights, traditional modes of authority, and a materialist interpretation of the American Dream.

10 facts about the peace sign by Cold War Studies

peace sign by Tara Nash

1. Some people think it’s a Satanic symbol.

2. It started out as the logo of the British Group named the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).

3. The symbol incorporated the semaphore letters N(uclear) and D(isarmament).

4. Bayard Rustin, a close associate of Martin Luther King,  brought the symbol back to the United States after a trip to Great Britan. The symbol was used on civil rights marches, and later it appeared on anti-Vietnam War demonstrations and was even seen daubed in protest on their helmets by American GIs.

5. The symbol appeared on the walls of Prague when the Soviet tanks invaded in 1968, on the Berlin Wall, in Sarajevo and Belgrade, on the graves of the victims of military dictators from the Greek Colonels to the Argentinian junta, and most recently in East Timor.

6. In South Africa, under the apartheid regime, there was an official attempt to ban the symbol.

7. The symbol has been condemned by some as a Communist sign.

8. A symbol of freedom, it is free for all. Although specifically designed for the anti-nuclear movement, it has quite deliberately never been copyrighted. No one has to pay or to seek permission before they use it.

9. The symbol was first brought to wide public attention on the Easter weekend of 1958 during a march from London to Aldermaston in Berkshire, the site of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. The demonstration was the first large-scale anti-nuclear march of its kind.

10. In his history of the peace symbol, Ken Solsbun wrote that

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